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Stock exchanges like the New York Stock Exchange, Nasdaq and others around the world enable companies around the world to raise money. Nowadays, they're mostly electronic markets where licensed stock brokerages, and the traders representing them, buy and sell shares.

Project Report on Stock Market

Through exchanges, private companies sell stock in the form of publicly traded shares. Those wishing to invest in stock place buy or sell orders through regulated brokerage firms. These firms act as intermediaries to the public, providing an efficient and well-regulated trading market. The primary function of a stock exchange is to help companies raise money. To accomplish this task, ownership in a private corporation is sold to the public in the form of shares of stock.

Funds received from the sale of stock contribute to the firm's capital formation. Companies plan to use the newly-raised funds to invest in productive business assets and grow revenues and profits. This positive business expansion then may be reflected in a higher stock trading price. An organized and regulated stock exchange facilitates the efficient trading of stock and other investment vehicles. Without this highly controlled and coordinated stock exchange, the global trading of stock would not be possible.

Through the stock exchange, any individual or company may buy or sell shares in another company. In fact at any one time, there are thousands of company shares being traded through millions of individual transactions.

The stock exchange, particularly the high volume electronic computerized trading platform, serves as the infrastructure required to connect both buyers and sellers efficiently around the globe. The legitimate sale of stock on any exchange requires reliable and accurate information.

By requiring a high level of transparency from all trading companies, the stock exchange creates a more secure environment for investors, which helps them to determine the risks of investing. A stock exchange works in close cooperation with government agencies and officials.

Unregulated markets can have a negative impact on capital formation. Close regulation of stock exchanges allows strangers from all parts of the world to honor contracts executed in the daily trading of shares.

A goal of stock market regulations also is to prevent criminal activity in financial markets. By protecting investors, and fostering transparency, the stock market promotes capital formation. The U. Securities and Exchange Commission handles oversight and regulation of all stock exchanges and investments within the United States.

report on stock exchange pdf

The SEC's long-term regulatory activity is focused on protecting investors and maintaining legitimate trading operations that in turn will promote capital formation. Similar agencies regulate stock markets around the world.This Report presents the 28th Annual Report to the shareholders of the Stock Exchange of Mauritius Ltd together with the financial statements of the group and the Company for the year ended 30 June The SEM Official Market Handbook is an annual publication of the Exchange containing salient information and a 5-year financial review of all listed companies on the Official Market.

This publication is a useful guide for investment decision-making and market analysis, aiming to provide retail as well as institutional investors with key management and statistical information that can help them gain a better understanding and thorough statistical overview of the companies in which they have invested already or planned to invest. This booklet provides time-series statistics to highlight the value-creation and democratisation role played by the SEM since its inception inexplains how a listing on the SEM can enable your company to leverage-off a well-organised market to create value for your shareholders, provides guidance on how to take your first steps towards becoming a SEM listed company, provides you with an overview of the listing process which involves: and outlines the requirements in the pre and post listing stages for your company.

The Factbook is an annual statistical summary of the activities of the Exchange and provides a perspective of market activities during the year This publication also contains some salient historical market and company-specific data.

SEM's monthly Newsletter is a publication free of charge, relayed to local and international stakeholders in the Exchange industry. SEM's Newsletter interviews every month a key SEM stakeholder in the Exchange space, and also contains an article covering Industry News, a short Investor Education narration as well as concise trading statistics on the Mauritius Bourse.

Publications and Knowledge Centre. Click here to view.Our stock reports are the comprehensive source for quantitative analysis at the stock, industry, portfolio, and market levels. Stock Reports Plus optimizes investment selection for financial professionals by simplifying the process of evaluating stocks, finding new trading ideas, and understanding industry trends. Intended to be transparent and easily understood, proprietary stock ratings analyze key trends in earnings, fundamentals, relative valuation, price momentum, risk, and insider trading.

Combining our independent research, ratings, and market data for global companies across 50 different markets, the reports place current data into historical context for more accurate forecasting of a security's performance. Objective recommendations based solely upon market data and statistics on a scale of 1 to 10 10 being most favorable. Compares a company's key metrics to those of its 10 closest peers providing a contextual baseline.

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About Refinitiv. Careers at Refinitiv. Need help? Get support. Get in touch. Contact us. Product logins. Already a Refinitiv customer?Stock Exchange also called Stock Market or Share Market is one important constituent of capital market. Stock Exchange is an organized market for the purchase and sale of industrial and financial security.

It is convenient place where trading in securities is conducted in systematic manner i. It performs various functions and offers useful services to investors and borrowing companies. It is an investment intermediary and facilitates economic and industrial development of a country. Stock exchange is an organized market for buying and selling corporate and other securities. Here, securities are purchased and sold out as per certain well-defined rules and regulations. It provides a convenient and secured mechanism or platform for transactions in different securities.

Such securities include shares and debentures issued by public companies which are duly listed at the stock exchange, and bonds and debentures issued by government, public corporations and municipal and port trust bodies. Stock exchanges are indispensable for the smooth and orderly functioning of corporate sector in a free market economy. A stock exchange need not be treated as a place for speculation or a gambling den.

It should act as a place for safe and profitable investment, for this, effective control on the working of stock exchange is necessary. This will avoid misuse of this platform for excessive speculation, scams and other undesirable and anti-social activities.

London stock exchange LSE is the oldest stock exchange in the world. Similar Stock exchanges exist and operate in large majority of countries of the world. Home Disclaimer Privacy Contact. What is Stock Exchange? No Comments. Label: EconomicsIndia.

No Comment Yet Please Comment. Newer Posts Older Posts Home. Meaning - What it Includes?Nawaf October 20, Secretarial Practice 7 Comments. A stock market, equity market, or share market is the aggregation of buyers and sellers of stocks which represent ownership claims on businesses; these may include securities listed on a public stock exchange as well as those only traded privately.

A stock exchange is a place where or an organization through which individuals and organizations can trade stocks. Many large companies have their share listed on a stock exchange. This makes the stock more liquid and, thus, more attractive to many investors.

It may also act as a guarantor of settlement. Participants in the stock market range from small individual stock investors to larger trader investors, who can be based anywhere in the world, and may include banks, insurance companies, pension funds, and hedge funds. Stock market participation refers to the number of agents who buy and sell equity-backed securities either directly or indirectly in a financial exchange.

Participants are generally subdivided into three distinct sectors; households, institutions, and foreign traders. Direct participation occurs when any of the above entities buys or sells securities on its behalf on an exchange. Indirect participation occurs when an institutional investor exchanges a stock on behalf of an individual or household. A stock exchange facilitates stock brokers to trade company stocks and other securities.

A stock may be bought or sold only if it is listed on an exchange. Thus, it is the meeting place for stock buyers and sellers. An association, organization, or body of individuals, whether incorporated or not, established to assist, regulate, and controlling business in buying, selling, and to deal in securities.

The essential objectives of Stock Markets are given below:. The government of India has enacted an act SEBI Actwhich provides for the establishment of a board to protect the interest of the investor in securities. The SEBI has emerged as a monitoring institution of the country for the development and regulation of the stock market, SEBI has issued from time to time guideline to insider trading listing of securities, registration of intermediaries mutual funds, etc.

An elected body of members does the management of stock exchange.

How to Analyze a Stock? - All you need to do before Investing or Trading. Watch till the End.

The SEBI closely monitors the outstanding position of top buying member-brokers and top-selling member-brokers daily. For this purpose, it has developed various market monitoring reports based on specific pre-set parameters. These reports are scrutinized by officials of the Surveillance Dept. Further, it is examined whether purchases or sales are concentrated in one or more scrips, whether the margin cover is adequate, whether transactions have been entered into on behalf of institutional clients and even the quality of scrips, i.

The marketing of the securities on the stock exchange can be done through a member of the stock exchange.To browse Academia. Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Preeti Verma. This dissertation is an effort to contribute towards achieving the desired objectives.

In doing so, I have optimized all available resources and made use of some external resources, the interplay of which, over a period of time, led to the attainment of the set goals. I also express my sincere thanks to all the people who, directly or indirectly, contributed in time, energy and knowledge to this effort. Many stocks are available to be bought and sold, each exhibiting its own patterns and characteristics that are highly unpredictable. With so many options and considerations that need to be taken into account, it is an extremely difficult task for a broker to investigate aspects of the stock market and consistently provide effective Advice to their clients.

Thus, brokers perform their day-to-day tasks with the aid of a broker system. Such a system should provide tools for interacting with Exchanges and performing analysis. As a consequence, these broker Systems are quite large and complicated by themselves. This research aims to analysis Stock broker on the basis of their Services, products, growth, and their competitiveness.

Because Stockbrokers are one of the main participants in stock exchanges Worldwide, they often act as an agent for their clients, making trades on their behalf. They also act as advisors, providing suggestions to their Clients on what stocks to buy and sell.

For investor it is always difficult to decide which brokerage firm to Choose.

Research was carried out to find which brokerage house people prefer and to figure out what people prefer while investing in stock market. This study suggests that people are reluctant while investing in stock and Commodity market due to lack of knowledge.

Main purpose of investment is returns and liquidity, commodity market is less preferred by investors due to lack of awareness. The major findings of this study is that people are interested to invest in stock market but them Lack knowledge. At the end of the report limitations, SWOT analysis, conclusion of the research and Appendix which includes questionnaire and the list of the city where the Argent capital are running. Therefore, delegated brokerage management is arguably one of the most important agency relationships intervening in the economy, with a possible impact on financial market and economic developments at a macro level.

In most of the metros, people like to put their money in stock options instead of dumping it in the bank-lockers. Now, this trend pick pace in small but fast developing cities like Chandigarh, Gurgaon, Jaipur, Ambala etc. My research is based on the residents of jaipur and its nearby areas. As the per-capita-income of the city is on the higher side, so it is quite obvious that they want to invest their money in profitable ventures.

On the other hand, a number of brokerage houses make sure the hassle free investment in stocks. Asset management firms allow investors to estimate both the expected risks and returns, as measured statistically. There are mainly two types of Portfolio management strategies.

report on stock exchange pdf

Passive Portfolio Strategy 2. Active Portfolio Strategy 1. Passive Portfolio Strategy: A strategy that involves minimal expectation Input, and instead relies on diversification to match the performance of Some market index.Stock Exchange :- Stock exchange is an organized market where Government securities, shares, bonds and debentures of the trading units are regularly transacted.

Stock exchange provides a place to the buyers and sellers of the shares and securities. Stock exchange indicates about the good or bad health of economy. If the share prices are rising it means country is running on the path of development and prosperity. Importance or Functions of Stock Exchange : We discuss about major functions of stock exchange under these headings:- 1. Providing a ready market The organization of stock exchange provides a ready market to speculators and investors in industrial enterprises.

It thus, enables the public to buy and sell securities already in issue. Providing a quoting market prices It makes possible the determination of supply and demand on price. The very sensitive pricing mechanism and the constant quoting of market price allows investors to always be aware of values.

Annual reports

This enables the production of various indexes which indicate trends etc. Providing facilities for working It provides opportunities to Jobbers and other members to perform their activities with all their resources in the stock exchange. Safeguarding activities for investors The stock exchange renders safeguarding activities for investors which enables them to make a fair judgment of a securities.

Therefore directors have to disclose all material facts to their respective shareholders. Thus innocent investors may be safeguard from the clever brokers. Operating a compensation fund It also operate a compensation fund which is always available to investors suffering loss due due the speculating dealings in the stock exchange.

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Creating the discipline Its members controlled under rigid set of rules designed to protect the general public and its members. Thus this tendency creates the discipline among its members in social life also. Checking functions New securities checked before being approved and admitted to listing.

Thus stock exchange exercises rigid control over the activities of its members. Adjustment of equilibrium The investors in the stock exchange promote the adjustment of equilibrium of demand and supply of a particular stock and thus prevent the tendency of fluctuation in the prices of shares.

Maintenance of liquidity The bank and insurance companies purchase large number of securities from the stock exchange. These securities are marketable and can be turned into cash at any time. Therefore banks prefer to keep securities instead of cash in their reserve. This it facilities the banking system to maintain liquidity by procuring the marketable securities. Promotion of the habit of saving Stock exchange provide a place for saving to general public. Thus it creates the habit of thrift and investment among the public.

This habit leads to investment of funds incorporate or government securities. The funds placed at the disposal of companies are used by them for productive purposes. Refining and advancing the industry Stock exchange advances the tradecommerce and industry in the country.

report on stock exchange pdf

Thus the flow of capital from unproductive field to productive field helps to refine the large scale enterprises. Promotion of capital formation It plays an important part in capital formation in the country. Increasing Govt. Funds The govt. According to MARSHAL "Stock exchange are not merely the chief theaters of business transaction, they are also barometers which indicate the general conditions of the atmosphere of business.

I am looking for a list of cheap penny shares, Preferably a list that is updated on a regular basis. If anyone knows any information about it then please share some reviews with me. Thanks in advance. Look at this project on Functional report of stock exchange It includes all introduction,aims and objectives and conclusions. There are various stock exchanges in india.